Cattle Traits

Detailed Traits

Topline

The topline trait refers to the back of your cattle.  It is a measure of how wide, and expressive the topline is which is where most of the high priced cuts of meat are.  For topline, higher is better and it is highly important in the judging of your market steers and somewhat less important for breeding cattle.

Hindquarter

The hindquarter rating applies to the amount of muscle in the hindquarter (rear end) of your cattle.  It includes how low the muscle carries down the leg and how long the rump is.  For this trait, higher is better and it is highly important to the judging of your market steers and somewhat less important for breeding cattle.

Stifle

The stifle trait refers to the stifle muscle between the hindquarter and middle of your cattle.  Higher is better and relative to the other traits is slightly less important.

Frame Size

Frame size refers to the height and overall frame size of your cattle.  Depending on the judge anywhere from 7 to 8 is ideal and both higher and lower frame sizes are less desirable.  This trait is very important in breeding stock and slightly less important in your market steers.

Bone Size

This refers to the size of your animals bones.  Higher is better and it has a relatively low impact on the judging compared to other traits.

Capacity

Capacity is the depth of rib and size of the barrel of your cattle.  It is of medium importance but much more important in your breeding cattle than your market steers.

Shoulders/Front Legs

The slope of the shoulders and overall structure of the front end.  This trait is more important in females than your steers or bulls.

Hind Legs

The structure of the hind legs.  This trait is more important in females than your steers or bulls.

Neck Extension

The extension of the neck.  A moderately important trait.

Over Ribs

Fat over the ribs.  This trait should be around 7.0 for your finished market steers.  This trait is extremely important in market steer classes.  Steers that aren't finished will not do well in classes with finished steers.

Tail Head

Fat around the tail head.  A little fat around the tail head will occur but you should try to keep it low.  You can tell your cattle are getting too fat when this starts to rise.

Brisket

Fat in the brisket area (between the shoulder blades).  This should be as low as possible and will rise as you start putting fat on a steer.

Simsteer Traits

The Simsteer traits are based on the traits from the site the Showcattle.com simulation is based on, Simsteer.com.  On that site there was much less detail and these were the only traits cattle were judged on.

Topline

The same thing as the topline trait above.

Hindquarter

A combination of the hindquarter and stifle ratings.

Frame Size

The same thing as frame size above.

Eye Appeal

A combination of all structure traits other than frame size.

Condition

This is a combination of the fat traits of your cattle.

Last Updated: 2/22/2007 8:48:57 AM